The thyroid gland plays a vital
role in crucial bodily functions. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism
and body temperature, supports muscle control, bone health, and the heart, and
aids the digestive system. Positioned at the front base of the neck, it takes
the shape of a butterfly.
Thyroid surgery, performed at Big
Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, involves the partial or complete removal of the
thyroid gland to address the following conditions:
Characterized by non-cancerous thyroid growth leading to neck swelling and
Thyroid Cancer: Formation
of thyroid nodules, some of which may become cancerous, causing neck swelling,
altered voice, or breathing troubles.
production of thyroxine hormone by the thyroid gland.
Depending on health status and
thyroid condition, these surgery types are considered:
Lobectomy: Removal of
half or an entire thyroid lobe, typically done when there's a nodule or
early-stage cancer on one side.
Complete Thyroidectomy: Full removal of the
thyroid gland, usually for severe bilateral thyroid nodules or cancer.
Isthmectomy: Removal of
the isthmus tissue connecting the thyroid lobes, necessary for small tumours on
Patients are given pre-surgery
instructions, including fasting. At Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, general
anaesthesia is administered to ensure a pain-free surgery. Vital signs like
heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels are closely monitored throughout.
Following anaesthesia, a small incision is made in the neck's center, avoiding
the windpipe and vocal cords. A portion or the entire thyroid gland is then
removed. The surgery usually lasts around 2 hours.
Post-surgery, patients may
experience a sore throat for a few days. Swelling, pain, or breathing
difficulties persisting beyond this period require medical attention. Thyroid surgery
boasts several benefits, including achieving normal thyroid function, avoiding
prolonged anti thyroid medication usage, enabling childbearing, and bypassing
radioactive iodine ablation. However, potential risks encompass bleeding,
swelling, parathyroid gland injury, and voice changes. For complete
thyroidectomy, lifelong hormone replacement therapy may be necessary.
Unique to Thyroid Surgery
Complications could involve
improper functioning of parathyroid glands, impact on voice-controlling nerves,
and decreased calcium levels. Scarring: Due to the neck's
central incision, noticeable scars are expected shortly after surgery. The
scar's severity depends on the incision's length.
Candidates for Thyroid Surgery in Patna, Bihar
People who are allergic to anti thyroid
medications, unresponsive to radioactive iodine treatment, have
hyperthyroidism, or suffer from hot nodules (nodules producing excessive
thyroxine) are eligible for thyroid surgery.
Most individuals can resume work
and daily activities after thyroid surgery, aided by over-the-counter pain
relievers. However, strenuous physical activities should be avoided.
To Book an Appointment at Big
Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna: Dial 0612-3540100.