Thyroid Surgery in Patna

The thyroid gland plays a vital role in crucial bodily functions. It produces hormones that regulate metabolism and body temperature, supports muscle control, bone health, and the heart, and aids the digestive system. Positioned at the front base of the neck, it takes the shape of a butterfly.


Reasons for Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid surgery, performed at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, involves the partial or complete removal of the thyroid gland to address the following conditions:

·        Goiter: Characterized by non-cancerous thyroid growth leading to neck swelling and breathing difficulties.
·        Thyroid Cancer: Formation of thyroid nodules, some of which may become cancerous, causing neck swelling, altered voice, or breathing troubles.
·        Hyperthyroidism: Excessive production of thyroxine hormone by the thyroid gland.

Types of Thyroid Surgery

Depending on health status and thyroid condition, these surgery types are considered:

·        Lobectomy: Removal of half or an entire thyroid lobe, typically done when there's a nodule or early-stage cancer on one side.
·        Complete Thyroidectomy: Full removal of the thyroid gland, usually for severe bilateral thyroid nodules or cancer.
·        Isthmectomy: Removal of the isthmus tissue connecting the thyroid lobes, necessary for small tumours on this region.

Procedure of Thyroid Surgery

Patients are given pre-surgery instructions, including fasting. At Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, general anaesthesia is administered to ensure a pain-free surgery. Vital signs like heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels are closely monitored throughout. Following anaesthesia, a small incision is made in the neck's center, avoiding the windpipe and vocal cords. A portion or the entire thyroid gland is then removed. The surgery usually lasts around 2 hours. 

After-effects and Recovery

Post-surgery, patients may experience a sore throat for a few days. Swelling, pain, or breathing difficulties persisting beyond this period require medical attention. Thyroid surgery boasts several benefits, including achieving normal thyroid function, avoiding prolonged anti thyroid medication usage, enabling childbearing, and bypassing radioactive iodine ablation. However, potential risks encompass bleeding, swelling, parathyroid gland injury, and voice changes. For complete thyroidectomy, lifelong hormone replacement therapy may be necessary. 

Complications Unique to Thyroid Surgery

Complications could involve improper functioning of parathyroid glands, impact on voice-controlling nerves, and decreased calcium levels. Scarring: Due to the neck's central incision, noticeable scars are expected shortly after surgery. The scar's severity depends on the incision's length. 

Suitable Candidates for Thyroid Surgery in Patna, Bihar 

People who are allergic to anti thyroid medications, unresponsive to radioactive iodine treatment, have hyperthyroidism, or suffer from hot nodules (nodules producing excessive thyroxine) are eligible for thyroid surgery. 

Recovery Time

Most individuals can resume work and daily activities after thyroid surgery, aided by over-the-counter pain relievers. However, strenuous physical activities should be avoided. 

To Book an Appointment at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna: Dial 0612-3540100.