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Nephrology is the medical term
for the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. Kidneys, the two
bean-shaped organs behind your belly, are responsible for excreting waste
products from the blood and maintaining the salt and water concentration of the
body. Nephrologists help people establish healthy kidneys, which perform vital
kidney disorder can lead to various health issues. Kidney diseases have a
widespread prevalence, and therefore kidney care requires your full attention.
Which are the Common Kidney
disease involves any disturbance in the normal functioning of the kidneys. Many
conditions can affect your kidneys. Here are a couple of the common ones -
- Kidney Stones: Kidney stones are now common
among every age group. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and
salts inside the kidney. They form due to a fatty diet, lack of exercise,
or side effects of certain supplements. These stones can accumulate in any
part of the urinary tract, such as the bladder, urethra, or urinary tubes.
- Chronic Kidney Disease- Chronic Kidney
Disease (CKD) happens when the kidneys are somehow damaged and cannot
filter the blood. CKD is common in people with diabetes and high blood
pressure. A nephrologist or healthcare specialist performs various tests
to check the functioning of the kidney.
When Should I Consult a
symptoms of kidney diseases include feelings of fatigue and nausea accompanied
by trouble with urination, such as:
- Frequent urination
- Change in the
color of the urine
- Burning sensation
who have kidney stones specifically suffer from extreme pain in the abdomen
near the kidneys and sudden fluctuations in pain.
symptoms specific to CKD are vomiting, a loss of appetite, sleep apnea, i.e.,
shallow breathing during the night, high blood pressure, and muscle cramps.
Request an appointment at
BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals,
Call: 0612 3540100
How are Kidney Diseases
choose the treatment plan based on the type and severity of the disease.
- Treatment of Kidney Stones:
treatment depends upon the size and area of the stone. The nephrologist will
typically do a CT scan to find out its size. In the case of small stones, the
doctor will prescribe drugs to dissolve them and pass them out of the body
through the patient's urine.
the case of large stones, lithotripsy, a type of shock treatment, can break the
stones into smaller pieces. Then, they can exit the body through the urine.
There are other treatment plans that the doctors may follow if needed.
the case of early-stage CKD, doctors will review the causes of the issue before
prescribing a specific treatment. For instance, in the case of high blood
pressure, the doctors or nephrologists will try to control the BP. If diabetes
is an underlying cause, treatment efforts focus on maintaining the blood-sugar
patients undergo dialysis in the later stages of kidney diseases. Dialysis is a
procedure to remove excess fluid and waste from the blood and essentially
purify the blood. This treatment artificially does the job of a healthy working
extreme cases, the nephrologist may recommend a kidney transplant. They remove
the damaged kidney, and a healthy donor kidney takes its place. A human body
can easily survive on one kidney, and therefore, people can donate one of their
kidneys to patients who need it.
effective and timely treatment, check with a doctor or specialist.
an appointment now at -
BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals,
Agam Kuan, Patna.
Call 06123540100 to book an