What is Pulmonology ?

Pulmonology is the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions related to the lungs and respiratory system. Pulmonology departments are typically found in hospitals and clinics, and are staffed by pulmonologists, who are medical doctors who have completed specialized training in the field of pulmonology.

The pulmonology department is responsible for diagnosing and treating a wide range of lung conditions, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. Pulmonologists use a variety of diagnostic tools, such as chest x-rays, CT scans, and lung function tests, to identify and evaluate lung problems. They also use bronchoscopy, a procedure that allows them to look inside the lungs using a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera on the end, to help diagnose and stage lung cancer.

Once a diagnosis is made, pulmonologists work with a team of healthcare professionals, including nurses, respiratory therapists, and physical therapists, to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to the needs of the individual patient. Treatment options may include medications, such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids, to help open up narrowed airways and reduce inflammation, as well as oxygen therapy, which can help increase the amount of oxygen in the blood for patients with chronic lung disease.

In addition to traditional medical treatments, pulmonology departments may also offer other therapies, such as lung volume reduction surgery, which can help improve lung function in patients with COPD, and lung transplantation, which can be a life-saving option for some patients with end-stage lung disease. Pulmonologists also may offer pulmonary rehabilitation, which is a program of exercise and education that can help patients improve their physical and emotional well-being, and reduce their symptoms and improve their ability to perform daily activities.

Pulmonologists also play a critical role in the prevention and management of lung infections, such as tuberculosis and COVID-19, which can be particularly dangerous for patients with underlying lung conditions. They work closely with public health officials to track and control outbreaks of these infections, and may also provide vaccinations to protect patients from these and other lung infections.

Pulmonology department also focuses on research and education to improve the understanding of lung conditions and to develop new treatments. They may conduct studies to investigate the causes of lung disease and to evaluate the effectiveness of different treatments. They also may provide educational resources to help people understand how to take care of their lungs and prevent lung disease.


In conclusion, Pulmonology department is an essential component of the healthcare system, playing a vital role in diagnosing and treating a wide range of lung conditions. Pulmonologists are highly trained medical professionals who use a variety of diagnostic tools and treatments to help patients manage and overcome lung problems. They also play an important role in preventing and controlling lung infections, and in researching and educating the public about lung health. 

Treatment of Lung and Respiratory Disorders

The Department of Pulmonology at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna Diagnoses & treats all types of respiratory diseases, with treatment included for the following:

Allergy and Immunology: This revolves around the management of all kinds of allergy which occurs in patients spanning all ages. The allergies can be of any type. 

Asthma: Asthma is a condition where the airways are inflamed and swollen and produces extra mucus, which makes it difficult for the person to breathe.

Cystic Fibrosis: It is a Hereditary Disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. It produces sticky mucus that can clog the mucus and obstruct the Pancreas.  

Interstitial Lung Disease: This is an umbrella term for a set of diseases caused by scarring of the lungs. This scarring causes stiffness in the lungs which makes it difficult for breathing. Many end stage Lung disease patient needs Lung Transplantation.

Lung Transplant: A Lung transplant is a procedure which is performed to replace a dysfunctional lung with a functional one.

Interventional Pulmonology:  Interventional Pulmonology uses Endoscopy and other tools to diagnose and treat diseases in the lungs and chest. The procedure includes Flexible Bronchoscopy, Balloon Brachioplasty, Biopsy of lungs or lymph node, Bronchoalveolar lavage, Airway stent, etc. 

Lung Volume Reduction Surgery: It is a Surgical procedure that helps in removing diseased, Emphysematous lung tissue. It helps in reducing the size of an over-inflated lung and allows the expansion of the functional lung.  

Pulmonary Hypertension: This is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart. 

Thoracic surgery: It refers to the operations of organs in the chest, including the heart, lungs, and oesophagus. Examples of Thoracic surgery include Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, Lung Transplant, Heart Transplant, and removal of parts of the lung affected by cancer.

Tuberculosis: It is a serious bacterial infectious disease that affects the lungs as well as the other organs of the body.  

Occupational Lung Disease: These are occupational or work-related diseases. These are caused due to the materials a person is exposed to during their work. 

Sleep disorders: Disturbed sleep, Daytime Sleep, Decreased productivity of work. 

Due to increasing incidence of obesity & lifestyle related disease problem of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome is increasing. This(OSAHS)  was found to be the leading cause which remains undiagnosed in patients with uncontrolled Diabetes Millitus /uncontrolled Hypertension (Blood Pressure) recurrent stroke.  It is a repeated episode of complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway during sleep and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation. Due to this people have difficulty in breathing.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder: This is a term used for Lung disorders such as Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and in some cases Asthma COPD overlap syndrome. They may also have difficulty in Fatigue, Chest Tightening, etc. 

The Big Apollo Spectra Hospital in Patna boasts an exceptional Department of Pulmonology, featuring top-notch specialists in Respiratory Diseases. They provide exemplary Diagnosis & Treatment for a wide range of Respiratory Disorders. The team is comprised of Patna's finest pulmonologists, along with a dedicated group of nurses, technicians, and chest specialists, collectively offering comprehensive expertise for treating all respiratory ailments, including advanced procedures for Lung disorders. Opting for treatment under these leading lung specialists in India is a prudent choice, as they possess cutting-edge technology and extensive knowledge in the field. 

Best Pulmonology Hospital in India

The renowned Big Apollo Spectra Hospital in Patna boasts an exceptional team of pulmonologists, making it one of the finest in India. Its reputation has been earned through its well-equipped hospital infrastructure, highly skilled medical staff, impressive success rates, positive patient testimonials, and overall exceptional level of care. The hospital is known for handling both simple and complex medical procedures with great expertise and offers a diverse range of services to cater to various medical needs.

Request an appointment at

BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Patna

Call: 06123540100

Our Specialists