Radiology & Imaging

Radiology & Imaging

What is Radiology and Imaging ?

Radiology and imaging are medical specialties that involve the use of imaging technology to diagnose and treat diseases and injuries. This technology includes x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, and nuclear medicine.

X-rays use electromagnetic radiation to create images of the inside of the body. They are commonly used to examine bones and can detect fractures, tumors, and other abnormalities. CT scans use x-rays to create detailed, cross-sectional images of the body. They are used to diagnose and monitor a wide range of conditions, including cancer, heart disease, and injuries to the head and spine.

MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer to create detailed images of the body's internal structures. It is particularly useful for imaging the brain and spinal cord, as well as the musculoskeletal system. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the body's internal organs and structures. It is commonly used to visualize the heart, liver, and other organs, as well as to monitor pregnancies.

Nuclear medicine involves the use of small amounts of radioactive materials, called tracers, to create images of the body's organs and systems. These tracers are usually injected into the body, and then a special camera is used to create images of the tracer as it moves through the body. Nuclear medicine can be used to diagnose and monitor a wide range of conditions, including cancer, thyroid disorders, and heart disease.

Radiology and imaging are essential tools in modern medicine, allowing physicians to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions with great accuracy and precision. They also play a critical role in many surgical procedures, such as guiding doctors as they perform minimally invasive procedures or helping to plan and monitor the progress of complex surgeries.

In recent years, advances in imaging technology have led to the development of new techniques, such as functional MRI (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans, that allow doctors to see not only the structure of the body but also its function. These techniques are particularly useful in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.

Despite its many benefits, imaging technology does have some drawbacks. X-rays and other imaging tests expose patients to ionizing radiation, which can increase the risk of cancer. Additionally, the cost of imaging tests can be high, and in some cases, the tests may be unnecessary. To minimize these risks, doctors and radiologists use radiation in the lowest amount possible and follow the guidelines set by professional bodies such as the American College of Radiology.

In conclusion, Radiology and imaging are specialized medical fields that use advanced technology to diagnose and treat various diseases and injuries. They play an essential role in modern medicine and have led to many breakthroughs in the diagnosis and treatment of various conditions. However, these fields also have some drawbacks and have to be used judiciously


Request an appointment at

BIG Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Patna

Call: 06123540100

Our Specialists

>Dr. Madhukar Dayal

Radiology & Imaging

>Dr Sanjay Kumar

Radiology & Imaging

>Dr Prity Ranjan

Radiology & Imaging