Wrist Replacement Surgery in Patna, Bihar

Wrist replacement surgery is a less common procedure compared to replacements for the shoulder, knee, or hip. While hip, shoulder, and knee replacement surgeries are more prevalent for individuals with arthritis, wrist replacement surgery is recommended for those experiencing arthritis in the fingers and wrist. At Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, this surgical procedure involves replacing damaged cartilage, bone, or the entire wrist with artificial components designed to restore wrist functionality.


Reasons for Wrist Replacement Surgery

Wrist joints are intricate, more so than the joints in the hip region or the shoulder. In cases of accidents, falls, or wrist joint pain due to arthritis, wrist replacement surgery becomes an option. When the cartilage within wrist joints is compromised or deteriorates due to infection or medical conditions, friction between finger bones can lead to tears and discomfort, causing wrist pain. 

Two primary types of arthritis affecting joints are:

·        Osteoarthritis: Gradual wear and tear of bones within wrist joints due to damaged cartilage, leading to pain and discomfort.
·        Rheumatoid arthritis: A chronic and severe form of arthritis causing joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation. It impacts multiple joints on both sides of the body.

Both types of arthritis can result in weakened wrist strength, hindering the ability to hold heavy objects due to pain and reduced strength. 

Wrist Replacement Procedure

Wrist replacement surgery includes procedures aimed at rectifying deformities or disorders in tendons, nerves, or fingers. At Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, the surgery commences with anesthesia administration to ensure comfort and pain relief during the procedure. 

Following anesthesia, a small incision is made at the back of the wrist. Depending on the damage to the carpal bone's lower arm segment, the affected part is removed. The radial component of the prosthesis is then inserted, positioning it toward the center of the radius bone on the outer side of the lower arm. 

Carpal components are placed according to the design that optimizes pain reduction and enhances mobility and functionality. Properly inserted carpal components are secured using bone cement to prevent shifting or sliding. A spacer of suitable dimensions, corresponding to the arm and carpal components, stabilizes their placement. In some cases, carpal bones are fused to provide additional support to the carpal components. 

Associated Risks
As with any major surgery, wrist replacement involves complexity due to the numerous interconnected nerves and bones. Common risks during or after surgery include:

·        Risk of post-operative infection, either during hospitalization or upon discharge due to external factors.
·        Loosening of artificial joints, potentially caused by improper screwing of carpal components.
·        Nerve injuries during surgery due to the proximity of nerves and blood vessels to the wrist area.

Wrist replacement surgery is a sophisticated procedure necessitating the expertise of specialized surgeons. People experiencing arthritis-related wrist pain often opt for this surgery. If you encounter wrist or finger pain, swelling, or discomfort, it is advisable to consult a medical professional promptly. Proper assessments and recommendations will guide you toward the most suitable treatment for your condition.