Tendon and Ligament Repair

Orthopedic Care for Tendon and Ligament Repair

Tendons and ligaments, essential components of the skeletal system, play a significant role in connecting bones and muscles, enabling coordinated movement and flexibility. These vital structures are susceptible to injuries, particularly as individuals age, making them more prone to damage.

For comprehensive information and assistance, consider consulting an orthopedic surgeon near you or visiting Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna. 

Understanding Tendons and Ligaments

Tendons and ligaments, composed primarily of collagen, are robust fibrous bands that serve distinct functions within the body. Tendons connect muscles to bones, facilitating joint movement, while ligaments link bone to bone, contributing to structural stability.

Ligaments exhibit interwoven collagen patterns, offering strength, flexibility, and stability for joint movement. Tendons, featuring parallel collagen fibers, provide elasticity and support. 

However, injuries to these structures can profoundly affect joint function and movement. 

Common Injuries and Symptoms

Injuries to tendons and ligaments are frequent and demand attention to prevent tissue damage.

Tendon Injuries:

  • Strains: Tears or overstretching of tendons, often seen in athletes or those engaged in sports, leading to pain, swelling, weakness, and cramps.
  • Tendonitis: Inflammation and irritation caused by repetitive, incorrect athletic movements, typically an overuse injury.
  • Subluxation: Tendon slipping out of place, causing extreme pain and joint weakness.
  • Tendon Rupture: Partial or complete rupture due to trauma or chronic stress. 

Ligament Injuries:

  • Sprains: Stretching or tearing of ligaments resulting in inflammation, pain, and swelling, commonly occurring in ankles, knees, and wrists.

Treatment Options for Tendon and Ligament Injuries

Mild tears in tendons and ligaments share similar treatment approaches. Identifying the injury type and tailoring treatment accordingly is crucial.

Potential Treatments:

  • RICE Method: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation to alleviate mild sprains or strains.
  • Medication: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain management, and corticosteroids for inflammation reduction.
  • EPAT Shockwave Therapy: Regenerative therapy using shockwaves to stimulate blood flow and reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Surgery: Severe injuries may require surgery to reconnect and stabilize damaged tissues.
  • Physical Therapy: Essential post-surgery rehabilitation to strengthen scarred tissues and prevent future injuries.
  • Casting or Bracing: Immobilization aids healing for severe tissue damage.

Seeking Medical Attention

Mild injuries can be self-treated with medication and therapy. However, severe pain and swelling necessitate consultation with an orthopedic specialist in Patna.

Preventive Measures

Preventing tendon and ligament injuries involves taking precautions such as:

  • Warming up before exercise.
  • Gradually increasing intensity.
  • Wearing proper protective gear and shoes.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Balancing cardio and strength training.
  • Stretching after exercise.
  • Avoiding workouts when fatigued.


Tendon and ligament injuries, though challenging to diagnose, demand timely and appropriate medical attention. While minor injuries can be managed at home, major injuries require expert care. Neglecting treatment can lead to chronic inflammation and secondary injuries. It's vital to seek immediate medical assistance for effective resolution.

For further information and appointments, consider reaching out to Big Apollo Spectra Hospital in Patna, Bihar, by dialing 0612-3540100.

Learn more about related topics:

  • Achilles Tendon Repair
  • Ankle Ligament Reconstruction
  • Ligament Tears