Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea Treatment in Patna, Bihar

 Sleep apnea, a disorder characterized by recurrent pauses and resumptions of breathing during sleep, can result in daytime fatigue and drowsiness. Prolonged cases may even contribute to heart-related conditions. More prevalent in men and frequently observed in individuals over 50, especially those who are overweight or obese, sleep apnea demands attention in Patna.

 Understanding Sleep Apnea:

 Sleep apnea manifests in two primary forms:

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): In OSA, the airway experiences partial or complete blockage during sleep. This prompts strenuous efforts by chest muscles to unblock the passage, often leading to gasping for air and disrupted sleep.
  • Central Sleep Apnea: This type involves the brain's temporary cessation of signals to the breathing muscles, resulting in interrupted breathing. Unlike OSA, the airway itself remains unobstructed.

Causes of Sleep Apnea: 

In OSA, the airway obstruction occurs due to relaxation of throat tissues during sleep. Conversely, central sleep apnea originates from the brain's failure to transmit breathing-related signals to the muscles.

 Symptoms of Sleep Apnea:

 Individuals with sleep apnea may not personally notice their symptoms but could be informed by others. Common indicators encompass:

  • Snoring
  • Frequent nighttime awakenings
  • Gasping for air upon waking
  • Daytime fatigue and drowsiness
  • Impaired concentration
  • Dry mouth upon waking
  • Morning headaches
  • Mood swings, depression, and night sweats

When to Seek Medical Help:

If persistent snoring or breathing interruptions during sleep are evident, medical consultation is essential for accurate diagnosis and suitable management. 

Treatment Options:

Lifestyle modifications can alleviate the severity of sleep apnea:

  • Weight reduction, even by 10-15%, significantly reduces risks, particularly for overweight individuals.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption and quitting smoking can benefit those with obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Adjusting sleep position from back to side can prevent airway obstruction in specific cases. 

For more severe instances:

CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure): This therapy employs a mask to deliver a continuous stream of air, preventing airway blockage during sleep.

Surgical intervention at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, may involve widening the airway by removing obstructive tissue. 

In Conclusion:

Sleep apnea, prevalent among individuals over 50, necessitates timely attention due to its potential for serious consequences. Identifying symptoms might be challenging for the affected individual, underscoring the role of those around them in recognizing signs. Seeking prompt medical assistance is crucial for effective management.