Prostate Cancer Insights & Care in Patna, Bihar

Prostate cancer is a malignancy that emerges within the prostate gland exclusively found in males. This gland generates seminal fluid vital for nourishing and transporting sperm. Among the prevalent cancers affecting men, prostate cancer is prominent due to its gradual development and potential for swift metastasis.


Understanding Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer originates within the male prostate gland, starting with slow growth confined to this organ. Over time, it can advance, infiltrating other body areas. Irregular cell growth in the prostate leads to its formation, responsible for producing fluids in semen. Genetic predisposition plays a role, especially for those with familial prostate cancer history. 

Assessing Prostate Cancer's Impact

Prostate cancer's gradual growth contrasts with its rapid dissemination potential, endangering surrounding organs. 

Variants of Prostate Cancer

Adenocarcinomas, the most frequent type, emerge from prostate fluid-producing cells within semen. Other types, like sarcomas, transitional cell carcinomas, small cell carcinomas, and neuroendocrine tumours, are less common. Adenocarcinoma overwhelmingly dominates prostate cancer cases. 

Signs of Prostate

Cancer Early-stage prostate cancer often manifests no symptoms. Advanced stages can trigger:

·        Presence of blood in semen
·        Pain and discomfort while urinating
·        Blood in urine
·        Erectile dysfunction
·        Weight loss
·        Bone pain
·        Reduced force during urination 

Unravelling Prostate Cancer's Origins

The disease originates from DNA changes in prostate gland cells, fuelling uncontrolled growth and longevity. Accumulation of abnormal cells forms tumours, invading adjacent tissues and spreading throughout the body. 

Curative Approaches

Prostate cancer is treatable via surgical and radiation interventions. 

Seeking Timely Intervention

Consult a healthcare professional promptly when noticing indicators like blood in urine or semen, urination discomfort, or other concerning symptoms. 

Risk Factors

Factors increasing vulnerability to prostate cancer encompass:

·        Advanced age, particularly over 50
·        Genetic predisposition due to family prostate cancer history
·        Obesity, which heightens risk
·        Race, with higher susceptibility among black individuals

Navigating Treatment

Avenues Various treatment options are available at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, including:

·        Surgical Approaches
·        Radical prostatectomy: Removal of prostate and seminal vesicles, potentially impacting sexual function
·        Robotic or laparoscopic prostatectomy: Minimally invasive gland removal via abdominal keyhole incisions
·        Bilateral orchiectomy: Surgical removal of testicles
·        Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): Primarily addresses urinary blockages
·        Therapeutic Strategies
·        Radiation Therapy
·        External-beam radiation therapy: X-ray emission from outside body to target cancerous region
·        Brachytherapy: Implanting radioactive sources within the prostate
·        Intensity-modulated radiation therapy: Precision radiation without harming neighbouring organs
·        Proton Therapy: Utilizing proton particles for targeted cancer cell eradication

In Closing

Prostate cancer pertains to male prostate gland abnormalities, commonly correlated with aging. Its gradual progression contrasts with potential organ invasion. Treatment can encompass surgery or therapy, addressing this condition effectively.