Prostate cancer is a malignancy
that emerges within the prostate gland exclusively found in males. This gland
generates seminal fluid vital for nourishing and transporting sperm. Among the prevalent
cancers affecting men, prostate cancer is prominent due to its gradual
development and potential for swift metastasis.
Prostate cancer originates within
the male prostate gland, starting with slow growth confined to this organ. Over
time, it can advance, infiltrating other body areas. Irregular cell growth in
the prostate leads to its formation, responsible for producing fluids in semen.
Genetic predisposition plays a role, especially for those with familial prostate
Prostate Cancer's Impact
Prostate cancer's gradual growth
contrasts with its rapid dissemination potential, endangering surrounding
Adenocarcinomas, the most
frequent type, emerge from prostate fluid-producing cells within semen. Other
types, like sarcomas, transitional cell carcinomas, small cell carcinomas, and
neuroendocrine tumours, are less common. Adenocarcinoma overwhelmingly
dominates prostate cancer cases.
Cancer Early-stage prostate
cancer often manifests no symptoms. Advanced stages can trigger:
Presence of blood in semen
Pain and discomfort while urinating
Blood in urine
Reduced force during urination
Prostate Cancer's Origins
The disease originates from DNA
changes in prostate gland cells, fuelling uncontrolled growth and longevity.
Accumulation of abnormal cells forms tumours, invading adjacent tissues and
spreading throughout the body.
Prostate cancer is treatable via
surgical and radiation interventions.
Consult a healthcare professional
promptly when noticing indicators like blood in urine or semen, urination
discomfort, or other concerning symptoms.
Factors increasing vulnerability
to prostate cancer encompass:
Advanced age, particularly over 50
Genetic predisposition due to family prostate
Obesity, which heightens risk
Race, with higher susceptibility among black
Avenues Various treatment options
are available at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, including:
Radical prostatectomy: Removal of prostate and
seminal vesicles, potentially impacting sexual function
Robotic or laparoscopic prostatectomy: Minimally
invasive gland removal via abdominal keyhole incisions
Bilateral orchiectomy: Surgical removal of
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP):
Primarily addresses urinary blockages
External-beam radiation therapy: X-ray emission
from outside body to target cancerous region
Brachytherapy: Implanting radioactive sources
within the prostate
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy: Precision
radiation without harming neighbouring organs
Proton Therapy: Utilizing proton particles for
targeted cancer cell eradication
Prostate cancer pertains to male
prostate gland abnormalities, commonly correlated with aging. Its gradual
progression contrasts with potential organ invasion. Treatment can encompass
surgery or therapy, addressing this condition effectively.