Joint Replacement Orthopaedics

Joint replacement is a specialized branch of medical science dedicated to diagnosing and treating injuries and diseases related to the musculoskeletal system. Among the treatments offered, orthopaedic surgeons can perform joint replacement surgery to address damaged or arthritic joints.


Joint replacement surgery involves the replacement of a compromised joint with artificial implants. This procedure is applicable to various joints, including hips, knees, shoulders, and wrists. Notably, hip and knee replacements are the most frequently performed joint replacement surgeries. This article will outline the procedure's advantages, necessity, and associated risks.

 Understanding Joint Replacement

Joint replacement, also known as arthroplasty, is a surgical intervention wherein damaged parts or entire joints are replaced with artificial implants called joint prostheses. These prostheses can be crafted from materials like plastic, metal, or ceramic. This replacement aims to mimic the movements of a healthy joint. Various types of joint replacement surgeries exist, with the most suitable option determined by your orthopaedic specialist. 

Candidates for the Procedure

Joint replacement surgery is typically recommended after non-invasive treatments have proven ineffective. You may be a candidate for arthroplasty if:
·        Your joint mobility is severely limited due to a joint disorder.
·        Pain stemming from a damaged joint has worsened over time.
·        Non-invasive treatments such as medication or physical therapy have provided inadequate relief.
·        Structural deformities or joint misalignment are present.
·        Older adults with damaged joints can benefit from joint replacement surgery.

Importance of the Procedure

The primary objective of joint replacement surgery is to alleviate pain and enhance joint mobility. Conditions like arthritis or joint fractures, often associated with aging, can cause substantial joint discomfort. Damaged cartilage tissue on bone ends can significantly impact your quality of life. Joint replacement becomes essential when chronic pain restricts joint movement or when joint damage is unresponsive to non-invasive treatments. 

Types of Joint Replacement

Different approaches to joint replacement include:
·        Arthroscopy: Repairing damaged cartilage and removing broken pieces around the joint.
·        Replacement Arthroscopy: Removing arthritic joint surfaces and replacing them with functional prostheses.
·        Joint Resurfacing: Replacing sections of a damaged joint with implants.
·        Osteotomy: Adding or removing bone near the damaged joint to alleviate pressure or correct alignment issues.

Benefits of the Procedure

Joint replacement offers several advantages, including:
·        Pain reduction
·        Restoration of range of motion
·        Enhanced joint strength
·        Improved mobility and weight-bearing capability
·        Elevated quality of life

Associated Risks

Although joint surgery is generally safe and effective, there are inherent risks:
·        Infection: Invasive surgeries carry the risk of infections, which might require early or late intervention.
·        Stiffness: Scar tissue accumulation can lead to joint stiffness, necessitating post-surgery physical therapy.
·        Implant Failure: Over time, joint implants may loosen or wear out, requiring potential replacement. 


Orthopaedic joint replacement surgeries are well-established methods for addressing damaged or degenerated joints. Typically recommended for chronic joint conditions that don't respond to other treatments, the decision to undergo joint replacement depends on the severity and progression of the joint damage. Consulting with an orthopaedic specialist is vital for personalized evaluation and guidance.

Big Apollo Spectra Hospital in Patna, Bihar, offers a range of efficient joint replacement surgeries to address various orthopedic needs.

·        Ankle Joint Replacement
·        AShoulder Replacement
·        Hand Joint (Small) Replacement Surgery
·        Hip Replacement
·        Knee Replacement
·        Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery
·        Open Reduction Internal Fixation
·        Total Elbow Replacement Surgery
·        Wrist Replacement