Deviated Septum

Deviated Septum: Understanding Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

 The nasal septum, a thin cartilaginous wall that divides the nasal passages, plays a pivotal role in our respiratory system. However, in some individuals, this septum can become misaligned, resulting in a condition known as a deviated septum. This occurrence can lead to a range of health issues, affecting breathing, sleep quality, and overall well-being.

 Understanding Deviated Septum:

Symptoms and Impact

A deviated septum occurs when the nasal septum is shifted to one side, causing an asymmetry in the nasal passages. This misalignment can lead to several symptoms, including difficulties in breathing through the nose, frequent nosebleeds, sinus infections, dryness in one nostril, snoring, nasal congestion, and disruptive breathing during sleep. The impact of a deviated septum extends beyond mere discomfort; it can lead to significant complications such as sinus problems, loud breathing during sleep, disrupted sleep patterns, a preference for sleeping on one side, and even dry mouth.

 Origins of Deviated Septums:

  • Deviated septums can arise from different sources.
  • Natural anatomical variations at birth can lead to a deviated septum in some individuals.
  • Others might develop it due to trauma or injury to the nose.

 Role of Activities and Sports:

  • Activities like contact sports (wrestling, fighting) often contribute to deviated septums.
  • These activities can result in injuries that misalign the septum.

 Importance of Safety Measures:

  • Not wearing a seatbelt while in vehicles can elevate the risk of sustaining injuries that lead to a deviated septum.
  • Neglecting to use helmets during sports activities can also increase the likelihood of such injuries.

 Promoting Nasal Health:

  • Recognizing these risk factors can motivate individuals to adopt precautionary steps to protect their nasal health.

 Deviated Septum Defined:

A deviated septum occurs when the nasal septum shifts, causing unevenness in the nasal passages.

 Symptoms of Misalignment:

  • Breathing difficulties through the nose can arise due to the misaligned septum.
  • Frequent nosebleeds might be experienced.
  • Sinus infections become more common.
  • Dryness in one nostril can be observed.
  • Snoring and nasal congestion are potential symptoms.
  • Disruptive breathing during sleep can occur, impacting sleep quality.

 Extended Impact:

  • The consequences of a deviated septum reach beyond mere discomfort.
  • Sinus problems can become prevalent due to the misalignment.
  • Breathing can become loud and disturbed during sleep.
  • Sleep patterns might be disrupted.
  • A preference for sleeping on one side can develop.
  • Dry mouth could also be a result of a deviated septum.

  Treatment Options Based on Severity:

The appropriate approach to treating a deviated septum depends on the seriousness of the symptoms and the individual's overall health.

 Milder Cases:

Medical interventions are often recommended, including:

  • Nasal steroid sprays: These reduce inflammation and swelling, leading to improved nasal airflow.
  • Antihistamines: Designed to counter allergic responses, they provide relief from associated symptoms.

Decongestants: Available in nasal spray or pill form, they alleviate nasal tissue swelling and open airways.

 Surgical Intervention for Persistent Symptoms:

  • If symptoms persist or worsen, surgical treatment may be advised.
  • Deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) is a procedure in which a skilled surgeon realigns the misaligned septum, repositioning it to the center of the nose.
  • Excess cartilage or bone may be removed during this surgical alteration.
  • Post-surgery, close monitoring ensures minimal complications and a smooth recovery process.

 Prevention and Risk Reduction:

Although complete prevention of deviated septums is not always feasible, there are effective measures to minimize the risk.

 Safety Measures:

  • Consistently wearing a seatbelt while in vehicles.
  • Ensuring the use of helmets during contact sports.

 Protective Precautions:

By actively adopting these safety practices, individuals can greatly lower the chances of encountering injuries that might contribute to the development of a deviated septum.


A deviated septum, although sometimes seemingly inconsequential, can give rise to a range of health challenges. While some people might experience minimal symptoms, others could face breathing difficulties, snoring, and disrupted sleep patterns. Seeking timely medical attention, as well as considering treatment options and preventative measures, are essential steps in addressing this condition.

 Whether through non-invasive interventions like medication or surgical procedures like septoplasty, medical professionals at institutions like Big Apollo Spectra Hospital in Patna, Bihar, are equipped to provide tailored solutions.

 By prioritizing nasal health and adhering to safety precautions, individuals can take charge of their well-being and minimize the impact of a deviated septum on their lives.