A cyst is a closed sac-like
structure that can develop anywhere in the body, containing air, liquid, or
semi-solid substances. While most cysts are benign and harmless, some could be cancerous.
Cysts can vary in size and may or may not resolve on their own, depending on
the type and location.
A cyst is an enclosed sac-like
formation with a distinct wall, separate from surrounding tissue. It can be
filled with gas, liquid, semi-solid material, or pus, which is a thick liquid
containing dead white blood cells. Cysts can emerge on various body parts due
to factors such as injury, genetic conditions, or blockages. They can also be
associated with conditions like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic
Kidney Disease (PKD).
Cysts can arise for different
reasons, leading to various types, some of which include:
Cystic acne: Caused by trapped bacteria, oils, and
dead skin under skin pores, resulting in a pus-filled sac. This is a severe
form of acne.
Branchial cleft cyst: A congenital defect that
forms on the neck or near the collarbone in infants and children, often
requiring surgical removal.
Mucous cyst: Develops on the lip or in the mouth due
to trapped saliva glands.
Epidermoid cyst: Contains keratin, a protein, and
is typically found on the head, neck, or genitals.
Sebaceous cyst: Filled with sebum and forms near
sebaceous glands responsible for skin and hair oils.
Cyst Formation: Cysts can develop for various reasons, including:
Rupture of blood vessels
Blockage of skin pores
Cyst symptoms depend on their
type and location. Patients might notice a lump or sac-like structure. Cysts
can also form internally and may require imaging scans for diagnosis. While
most cysts are painless, some could cause swelling, redness, or discomfort
around the affected area.
When to Seek
Medical Attention in Patna:
Medical attention is needed if a
cyst becomes painful or swollen, as this could indicate an infection. Even
painless cysts should be evaluated by a healthcare provider to determine if
they are cancerous or could lead to complications.
Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna:
Cyst treatment should not be
delayed, as it could lead to infections. The appropriate treatment depends on
the cyst type and size. Some cysts may heal on their own over time, while
complex cases require medical intervention. Treatment options include draining
the cyst using surgical methods, complete removal, and medication to reduce
swelling and inflammation. Cysts could also be symptomatic of underlying
conditions like PCOS or PKD, necessitating treatment for the associated
Cysts are sac-like formations
that can develop due to various reasons. While many cysts are harmless and may
resolve naturally, seeking medical evaluation is essential, especially in
serious cases, to ensure timely and appropriate management.