Chronic ear disease

Chronic Ear Infections Treatment in Patna, Bihar

 Ear infections are a common health issue that can cause discomfort and pain, particularly among children. When bacteria or viruses invade the middle ear and lead to the accumulation of fluid behind the eardrum, it can result in pain and swelling of the eardrum. While most ear infections are treated effectively with antibiotics, some cases become chronic, causing persistent discomfort and potential complications.

 Let’s delve into the various aspects of chronic ear infections, including their causes, symptoms, treatment options, potential complications, and preventive measures.

 Understanding Chronic Ear Infections

Chronic ear infections, also known as chronic otitis media, are characterized by the persistent accumulation of fluid in the middle ear. Unlike acute otitis media, which is usually accompanied by intense pain, chronic ear infections might be less painful but carry a higher risk of complications. This condition often arises when the eustachian tube, connecting the middle ear to the throat, fails to ventilate the ear properly. This ventilation issue leads to the buildup of fluids behind the eardrum. If left untreated or if infections develop rapidly, the eardrum can even rupture.

 The presence of fluid in the middle ear can also lead to temporary hearing loss. Unlike acute ear infections, chronic otitis media typically does not respond well to antibiotics alone. As a result, it's crucial for individuals experiencing symptoms of an ear infection to seek medical attention promptly.

 Signs and Symptoms

 The symptoms of chronic otitis media can vary but often include:

  1. Dizziness
  2. Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  3. Non-waxy ear drainage
  4. Hearing problems
  5. Mild fever
  6. Disrupted sleep

 Treatment Options

 When it comes to treating chronic ear infections, several approaches are available, depending on the severity and underlying causes. Some common treatment options include:

  1. Surgery: Surgical intervention may be necessary to address fluid buildup and repair any damage to the ear's bones caused by recurrent infections or conditions like cholesteatoma.
  2. Ear Tubes: Surgical insertion of ear tubes can help equalize pressure within the ear, improve hearing, and reduce the frequency of infections.
  3. Antibiotics: Although antibiotics might not be as effective in treating chronic ear infections, they are still prescribed to manage concurrent infections.
  4. Antifungal Treatment: In some cases, antifungal ear drops or ointments might be recommended to address fungal infections in the ear.
  5. Dry Mopping: This procedure involves cleaning the ear of wax and discharge to prevent further complications.

Potential Complications

 Chronic ear infections, if not properly managed, can lead to various complications, including:

  1. Increased risk with repeated or prolonged infections
  2. Delayed speech development, particularly in children
  3. Thickening of middle ear tissues
  4. Persistent fluid drainage from a non-healing eardrum perforation
  5. Bone infection (mastoiditis), affecting the bone behind the ear

 Types of Chronic Ear Disease

 Two prominent types of chronic ear disease are:

Cholesteatoma: A cholesteatoma is an abnormal skin growth within the ear. It can develop due to ear pressure issues or recurring infections near the eardrum. If left untreated, it can damage the ear's small bones and lead to hearing loss, dizziness, and even facial muscle weakness.

Chronic Otitis Media: This type of chronic ear disease involves the persistent accumulation of fluid in the middle ear due to blocked eustachian tubes. The fluid buildup can result from infections blocking the tubes responsible for draining fluid from the middle ear. This condition can lead to discomfort and hearing issues.

 Preventing Ear Infections

 Preventing ear infections is essential to minimize the risk of chronic ear disease. Here are some tips to consider:

  • Practice good hygiene to avoid common colds and infections.
  • Breastfeed infants, as breast milk carries antibodies that can provide protection from ear infections.
  • Follow recommended vaccination schedules and ensure your child's immunizations are up-to-date.


 Chronic ear infections pose a significant health concern, particularly in children. While acute ear infections can be managed with antibiotics, chronic cases often require more comprehensive treatment strategies, including surgical intervention and ear tubes. Prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent complications, which can range from delayed speech development to bone infections. By practicing preventive measures such as maintaining good hygiene and adhering to vaccination schedules, the risk of developing chronic ear infections can be significantly reduced. If you suspect an ear infection, don't hesitate to seek medical advice to ensure timely and effective management.

 For those seeking treatment in Patna, Bihar, Big Apollo Spectra Hospital offers a range of treatment options, including surgical interventions and specialized care to address chronic ear disease effectively. To book an appointment at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, Call 0612-3540100.