Breast Cancer Treatment and Preventive Strategies in Patna

Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy affecting women, ranking second only to skin cancer. While it can impact both genders, it predominantly targets women. The integration of advanced medical insights, early detection methods, personalized treatment regimens, and an enhanced understanding of its causative factors has significantly elevated survival rates for breast cancer patients. In Patna, Bihar, a proactive approach is adopted to diagnose, treat, and prevent breast cancer, highlighting the importance of comprehensive healthcare.


Understanding Breast Cancer 

Breast cancer arises from the unchecked proliferation of cells within breast tissues, often spurred by genetic mutations. This rapid cellular growth leads to the development of cancerous masses or tumours. These tumours can originate within the lobules (milk-producing glands), ducts (pathways for milk transport), or fibrous connective tissues of the breast. Notably, lobules contribute to milk production, while ducts facilitate the movement of milk from lobules to the nipple. 

Stages of Breast Cancer

Physicians classify breast cancer stages based on factors such as tumour size and whether it has metastasized to nearby lymph nodes or distant organs:

        Stage 0: Known as ductal carcinoma, this early stage confines cancerous cells to breast ducts.
        Stage 1: Tumours measuring up to 2 centimetres.
        Stage 2: Tumours measuring up to 2 centimetres with nearby node involvement, or 2-5 centimetres without lymph node engagement.
        Stage 3: Tumours measuring 5 cm with spread to multiple lymph nodes, or larger than 5 cm with limited lymph node involvement.
        Stage 4: Advanced stage characterized by tumour spread to organs like the liver, brain, lungs, or bones.

Recognizing Breast Cancer Symptoms

Early-stage breast cancer may not manifest overt symptoms, underscoring the importance of diagnostic tests. 

Common symptoms include:

        Presence of lumps or thickened areas in the breast.
        Breast pain.
        Nipple discharge unrelated to breastfeeding.
        Bloody nipple discharge.
        Inverted (inward-turned) nipple.
        Swelling or lump beneath the armpit.
        Rash around the nipple.
        Changes in breast shape.
        Scaling or peeling of breast skin.
        Redness or pitting of breast skin.

Causes and Risk Factors

Breast cancer results from abnormal cell growth that outpaces the body's natural regulatory mechanisms. Contributing factors include:

        Age: Advanced age escalates risk.
        Genetics: Mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, or TP53 genes heighten susceptibility.
        Dense Breast Tissue: Greater density increases likelihood.
        Obesity: Overweight individuals face an elevated risk.
        Alcohol Consumption: Higher alcohol intake correlates with heightened risk.

Prompt Medical Attention

When encountering breast or underarm lumps, seeking medical consultation is paramount. Screening, including mammograms, aids in confirming the presence of cancerous cells. For Patna, Bihar residents, Big Apollo Spectra Hospital offers expert medical care. To schedule an appointment, call 0612-3540100. 

Breast Cancer Treatment Options at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna

The treatment of breast cancer at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, is meticulously tailored to factors such as cancer stage, the patient's medical history, and individual preferences. A range of effective treatments is available to address the diverse needs of patients. These treatments include: 

1.      Surgery: Surgery plays a pivotal role in managing breast cancer. The choice of surgical intervention depends on the diagnosed cancer stage. The following surgical procedures are commonly employed:
        Lumpectomy: This procedure involves the surgical removal of the tumor along with a portion of surrounding healthy tissue. Lumpectomy aims to prevent the spread of cancerous cells to nearby lymph nodes and tissues.
        Mastectomy: In cases where the extent of cancer requires more comprehensive intervention, a mastectomy is performed. During a mastectomy, various components like lobules, ducts, areola, nipple, fatty tissue, or even a portion of the skin may be removed, as deemed necessary by the diagnosis.

2.      Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy constitutes a potent treatment strategy for breast cancer. Oncologists prescribe specific drugs that are designed to target and destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be particularly effective for tumors that have the potential to spread or those that have already spread to other areas of the body.

3.      Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy involves the controlled delivery of targeted doses of radiation to the affected area. This treatment modality is designed to eliminate any remaining cancerous cells following surgery or to shrink tumors before surgery. Radiation therapy is a precise and focused approach that aims to destroy cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

4.      Hormone Blocking Therapy: Hormone receptor-positive breast cancers are susceptible to hormone blocking therapy. This treatment approach involves the use of medications that disrupt the hormonal signals promoting the growth of cancer cells. By blocking these signals, the progression of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer can be inhibited. 

The Treatment Journey

At Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, patients embark on a treatment journey guided by a multidisciplinary team of medical experts. Through thorough assessment, comprehensive diagnostics, and meticulous planning, the most appropriate treatment approach is determined. The patient's well-being, preferences, and goals are taken into account throughout the treatment process. 


Early detection and timely medical intervention significantly improve breast cancer prognosis. Adapting a proactive approach to healthcare, along with making positive lifestyle changes, can mitigate the risk of breast cancer and its complications. The comprehensive services at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna, serve as a beacon of hope and healing for those confronting breast cancer.