Best Abnormal Pap Smear Treatment & Diagnostics

An Abnormal Pap Smear, now referred to as a Pap test, is a straightforward procedure to identify the presence of abnormal cell growth in the cervix before it progresses into malignancy.


Understanding an Abnormal Pap Smear:

This test is vital for postmenopausal women, aiming to detect abnormal cell development in the cervix before it turns malignant. 

Preparing for a Pap Test at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna:

There's no extensive preparation required, but certain activities can impact your test results. It's advisable to avoid these activities for two days before your scheduled test:

·        Using tampons
·        Employing vaginal suppositories, creams, medications, or douches
·        Applying powders, sprays, or similar products
·        Engaging in sexual intercourse 

While you can undergo a Pap test during your period, scheduling it between periods is preferable. During the procedure, you'll lie on a table with your feet in stirrups. The doctor will use a speculum to gently open your vagina and access your cervix. A swab is then used to collect a few cells from your cervix, which are placed on a glass slide and sent to a lab for analysis. The test is generally painless but might cause minor discomfort. 

Who Should Undergo a Pap Test in Patna? Women aged 25 to 65 should have a Pap test every three years. Some individuals may require more frequent testing under these circumstances:

·        High risk of cervical cancer
·        Previous abnormal test results
·        Weakened immune system
·        Presence of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV
·        Women aged 30 to 65 should get tested every three years 

Women above 65 without previous abnormal Pap tests or those who have undergone hysterectomy without a history of abnormal Pap tests need not undergo frequent testing.


Consult your doctor to determine the appropriate schedule. 

Understanding Your Test Results 

Results are typically available within a week or two. A normal result indicates no evidence of abnormal cervix cells, allowing you to relax until your next scheduled test. 

An abnormal result on your Pap smear doesn't immediately signify cervical cancer. The outcome doesn't provide a definite diagnosis but rather falls into the category of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. While different from regular cells, these cells can't be classified as outright abnormal. 

In many instances, inconclusive results arise due to inadequate sampling, often linked to menstrual products or recent sexual activity. Other factors leading to abnormal results include:

·        Inflammation or infection of the reproductive organs
·        Presence of sexually transmitted diseases like herpes or HPV 

Abnormal results might exhibit low-grade or high-grade abnormal cells. Low-grade cells slightly differ from normal cells, while high-grade cells substantially deviate and could potentially lead to cancer. This condition is known as cervical dysplasia. 

Taking the Next Steps

If your Pap test results are unclear or inconclusive, your doctor may recommend a follow-up test after some time. Co-testing, combining a Pap test with an HPV test, might be suggested, as HPV is a major contributor to abnormal cell growth in women. 

For confirming cervical cancer, further tests are necessary. If your Pap test yields inconclusive results, your doctor might propose a colposcopy. During this procedure, a microscope is used to examine your cervix. A special solution helps differentiate normal and abnormal cells, and the doctor can perform a biopsy if needed. 

If abnormal cells are identified, they can be removed through techniques like freezing, cone biopsy, or loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). The removal of such cells aids in preventing cervical cancer. 

In Conclusion

An abnormal Pap smear might necessitate more frequent testing, dependent on factors such as age, the cause of abnormal results, and your risk of developing cervical cancer. Regular screenings and communication with your healthcare provider are key to maintaining your reproductive health.