Orthopedic Problems in India- Types & Causes

Orthopedic Problems in India- Types & Causes

  Category: Blog     Date: 21-07-2023  

Orthopedic treatment diagnoses skeletal deformities in people and implements required corrections. India, like any other country, faces a variety of orthopedic problems that affect its population.  These increasing orthopedic conditions are treated using imaging tests as well as an assessment of patient’s medical history.

Usually, orthopedic doctors prescribe physical therapy and the consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs as part of treatment. The explanation of actual orthopedic symptoms faced by the patient and adoption of accurate treatment leads to successful results. The surgery is only undergone if other method don’t provide enough relief. Here are some common orthopedic problems in India along with their Causes:

1. Osteoarthritis

In India, osteoarthritis is a widespread issue that affects both urban and rural populations. An ageing population, obesity, and sedentary lifestyles are a few causes of the high frequency.  You can lessen the agony brought on by this condition with the assistance of an orthopedic doctor with experience and skill.



  •       Aging: Osteoarthritis becomes more common as people get older, as the wear and tear on the joints over time can lead to cartilage breakdown. An  experienced and skilled orthopedic doctor can help you alleviate the discomfort faced due to this condition.
  •        Joint injury: Previous joint injuries, such as fractures or ligament tears, can increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  •       Obesity: Being overweight puts additional stress on the joints, particularly the knees and hips, increasing the likelihood of osteoarthritis.
  •       Genetic factors: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing osteoarthritis.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis

Another common orthopaedic issue in India is rheumatoid arthritis. Its occurrence is influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and unawareness variables. In order to find a cure for rheumatoid arthritis, it is advised that you get in touch with a bone hospital close by.



  •       Autoimmune response: The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Genetic predisposition and certain triggers, such as infections or hormonal changes, may play a role in initiating the autoimmune response.   It is better to contact a bone hospital near me to get the solution of Rheumatoid arthritis.

3. Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain is a prevalent orthopaedic ailment. Poor posture, sedentary lifestyles, strenuous physical labour, and a lack of ergonomics in the workplace are just a few of the causes.


Causes of Low Back Pain:

  •        Muscle or ligament strain: Straining the muscles or ligaments in the lower back due to sudden movements, lifting heavy objects, or poor posture can lead to pain and discomfort.
  •       Herniated disc: When the soft center of a spinal disc protrudes through a crack in the tougher outer layer, it can irritate nearby nerves, causing pain.
  •       Degenerative disc disease: The gradual wear and tear of the spinal discs over time can lead to disc degeneration and subsequent pain.
  •       Spinal stenosis: The narrowing of the spinal canal, often due to age-related changes, can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, leading to low back pain. Contacting bone doctor near me can help you effectively alleviate low back pain condition.
  •       Osteoarthritis: The breakdown of cartilage in the joints of the spine can cause pain and stiffness in the lower back.
  •       Sciatica: Compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, which extends from the lower back down to the legs, can result in low back pain, along with leg pain, numbness, or tingling.


4. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is also a serious problem in India, especially among postmenopausal women. The high prevalence is a result of undernutrition, vitamin D insufficiency, and a lack of knowledge about bone health. Here are some details regarding osteoporosis:

Causes of Osteoporosis:

  •       Aging: Bone mass naturally decreases as part of the aging process, which can lead to osteoporosis.
  •      Hormonal changes: Postmenopausal women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis due to a decrease in estrogen levels, which plays a protective role in maintaining bone density.
  •      Gender: Women generally have lower bone density than men, and the hormonal changes during menopause further increase the risk. It is recommended to approach a bone specialist near me if you want to have fast recovery from this condition.
  •       Family history: Having a family history of osteoporosis or fractures can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
  •     Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle choices, such as a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, low calcium and vitamin D intake, and inadequate physical activity, can contribute to the development of osteoporosis.
  •    Medical conditions and medications: Conditions like hyperthyroidism, celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and long-term use of corticosteroid medications can increase the risk of osteoporosis.

5. Pediatric Orthopedic Problems

Pediatric Orthopedic Problems: Congenital deformities, such as clubfoot and developmental dysplasia of the hip, are prevalent in India. Additionally, nutritional deficiencies and lack of access to healthcare can contribute to orthopedic problems in children. Here are some common pediatric orthopedic problems: 


  •       Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH): DDH occurs when the hip joint is improperly formed, leading to instability or dislocation. It is more common in infants, especially girls, and may require treatment with bracing or surgery. By contacting a good orthopedic doctor near me, you can get help and support to treat your Pediatric Orthopedic problems.
  •       Clubfoot: Clubfoot is a congenital condition in which one or both feet are twisted inward and downward. Treatment involves gentle manipulation, casting, and sometimes surgery to correct the foot's position.
  •       Scoliosis: Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. It can develop during childhood or adolescence, and treatment options include observation, bracing, or surgery depending on the severity of the curvature.
  •       Osgood-Schlatter disease: This condition causes pain and swelling below the knee, typically in adolescents involved in sports. It is caused by overuse and stress on the growth plate of the tibia and can be managed with rest, physical therapy, and pain management techniques.
  •       Growth plate injuries: Growth plates are areas of developing tissue near the ends of long bones in children and adolescents. Injuries to these growth plates can affect bone growth and development. Treatment may involve immobilization, monitoring, or surgery, depending on the severity of the injury. A reliable orthopedic doctor can ensure effective treatment for your growth plate injuries.
  •       Limb length discrepancies: Differences in the lengths of the arms or legs can occur due to various reasons, including congenital conditions, injuries, or growth plate disturbances. Treatment options may include observation, shoe lifts, or surgical intervention to equalize limb lengths.
  •       Pediatric fractures: Children are prone to fractures due to their active lifestyles and developing bones. Fractures can occur in any bone and are often managed with casting or splinting. In some cases, surgical intervention may be required.
  •       Musculoskeletal infections: Infections such as osteomyelitis (bone infection) or septic arthritis (joint infection) can occur in children. They require prompt diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics and, in some cases, surgical drainage.
  •       Neuromuscular conditions: Conditions like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and spina bifida can affect a child's musculoskeletal system and require multidisciplinary management involving orthopedic specialists, physical therapists, and other healthcare providers. 

 Big Apollo Spectra Hospital effectively undergoes orthopedic treatment and specializes in undertaking minimally invasive orthopedic surgeries. These surgeries facilitate significantly small scar, incision, and recovery time. Moreover, the orthopedic surgeons in Patna in our hospital adopts the superior quality of graft and implant (prosthesis) for effective orthopedic surgeries. They are experienced at treating a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions. In case of emergencies,  the hospital includes a dedicated section where medical staff, doctors, and emergency healthcare equipment are made available 24/7 to ensure quick relief and support to orthopedic patients.


Share This