Heart attack - Symptoms, Complications and Treatments
Category: Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery
Heart attack is a medical emergency that occurs
when there is a sudden blockage of blood flow to a part of the heart muscle.
This blockage is usually caused by a blood clot forming in one of the coronary
arteries, which are responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
When the blood flow to the heart muscle is
interrupted, the affected part of the heart does not receive enough oxygen and
nutrients, leading to damage and potentially death of the heart tissue. The
longer the blood flow is blocked, the more damage can occur.
Diagnosis is inevitable when you encounter any
signs of a heart attack. The aspects covered in diagnosis cover checking blood
pressure, temperature and pulse. You can approach a heart specialist in Patna who will undergo
relevant tests to determine how your heart is beating as well as to determine
overall heart health. To diagnose a heart attack, a heart specialist may
undergo any one of the tests like Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), Blood tests, Chest X-ray, Echocardiogram, angiogram, Cardiac
computed tomography (CT) or Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Keep in mind that
with each minute passing after a heart attack, more heart tissue dies or gets
damaged. Hence, urgent treatment is crucial to restore oxygen levels and fix blood
Heart attack symptoms can vary from person to
person, and some individuals may experience different signs than others. It's
crucial to remember that heart attacks can be life-threatening, and if you or
someone else is experiencing these symptoms, seeking immediate medical
attention is essential. Common heart attack symptoms include:
- Chest pain or
discomfort: This is one of the most common heart attack symptoms for which you
can get accurate treatment by contacting a heart clinic near me. The pain
may feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the center of the chest
that lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
- Upper body pain:
Pain or discomfort may also be felt in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw,
or stomach. The pain can be mild or severe and may come and go.
- Shortness of
breath: Feeling breathless, having difficulty breathing, or experiencing sudden
and unexplained shortness of breath can be a sign of a heart attack.
- Cold sweats:
Profuse sweating, often accompanied by a feeling of anxiety, can occur during a
- Nausea and
vomiting: Some people may experience feelings of nausea, and it may be
accompanied by vomiting.
- Lightheadedness or
dizziness: Feeling faint, dizzy, or lightheaded, sometimes leading to fainting,
can be a symptom of a heart attack. If you are frequently suffering from this
condition, it is advisable to approach a cardiologist in Patna who can
determine whether it is a sign of heart attack or not.
- Fatigue: Unusual
or extreme fatigue or weakness, especially when combined with other symptoms,
could indicate a heart attack.
Treatment for a heart attack aims to restore blood
flow to the affected part of the heart as quickly as possible to minimize
damage and improve outcomes. The main treatments for a heart attack include:
- Medications: Emergency
medical personnel may administer medications such as aspirin to help prevent
blood clotting and thrombolytics (clot-busting drugs) to dissolve the blood
clot causing the heart attack.
- Coronary Angioplasty
and Stent Placement: This is a common procedure used to open blocked
coronary arteries. A thin tube (catheter) with a balloon on its tip is inserted
into the blocked artery and inflated to widen it. A stent (a small mesh tube)
may then be placed to keep the artery open. A reliable cardiologist doctornear me is proficient at accomplishing this procedure based on your
- Coronary Artery
Bypass Grafting (CABG): In some cases, when angioplasty and stenting are
not feasible, CABG surgery may be performed. This involves using a blood vessel
from another part of the body to bypass the blocked coronary artery and restore
blood flow to the heart.
- Medications to
Improve Heart Function: After a heart attack, medications such as
beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and statins may be prescribed to help improve
heart function and reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events.
Complications of a heart attack can occur during or
after the event. Some potential complications include:
- Arrhythmias: Irregular heart rhythms can occur due to
damage to the heart's electrical system.
- Heart Failure: A weakened heart may have difficulty
pumping blood effectively.
- Cardiogenic Shock: Severe heart muscle damage can lead to a
dangerous drop in blood pressure and organ failure. If you come across acute
across these conditions, it is recommended to immediately seek treatment from
the best cardiologist in Patna.
- Pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium, the sac
around the heart.
Aneurysm: A bulge or ballooning of the
- Blood Clots: Clots may form in the heart or other parts
of the body.
In case of a suspected heart attack, call emergency
services immediately. While waiting for help to arrive, you can take the
Chew Aspirin: If you have aspirin available and are not
allergic, you can chew and swallow one adult (325mg) or four baby (81mg)
aspirin tablets. This may help to reduce blood clot formation.
Stay Calm and Rest: Try to keep the person calm and in a resting
Loosen Clothing: Loosen any tight clothing to make breathing
Don't Drive: Avoid driving yourself or the affected person to
the hospital, as emergency medical personnel can provide the appropriate care
on the way.
The specific heart
treatment by the heart hospital Patna depends on whether the patient has a complete or partial
blockage of blood flow. If you encounter any signs of a heart attack, a surgery
or procedural treatment can be undergone to open a blocked artery. Usually, a
heart attack is diagnosed in an emergency setting. You can go for a
cardiovascular risk assessment to conclude your level of risk. When you book
the appointment, make sure to ask if there's anything you must do in advance,
including diet restriction. You may have
to avoid drink or food for a while before undergoing a cholesterol test.