Fibroids Treatment

Fibroids, which are abnormal cell growths in or on the uterus, can lead to discomfort, pain, and heavy bleeding in some women. While some cases remain asymptomatic, fibroids' impact varies in severity. Fibroids develop from an accumulation of unusual cells within or on the uterus, sometimes causing symptoms depending on the condition's extent.

 

Types

Various fibroid types include:

1.      Intramural fibroids: Commonly found in the uterine wall, potentially enlarging the uterus.
2.      Subserosal fibroids: Located outside the uterus, these can cause uneven uterine enlargement.
3.      Pedunculated fibroids: Subserosal fibroids with a stem-like base are called pedunculated.
4.      Submucosal fibroids: Less common, these form in the middle muscular layer of the uterus. 

Causes

While the exact cause remains unknown, factors triggering fibroid formation may involve:

        Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels, responsible for uterine lining regeneration, may contribute to abnormal cell growth.
        Family history: Genetic predisposition is common; a family history of fibroids increases risk.
        Pregnancy: Elevated estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy may raise the likelihood of fibroid growth. 

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on fibroid number, size, and location. Menopausal women with small fibroids may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include:

        Heavy menstrual bleeding
        Pelvic pain and cramping
        Increased urination
        Pain during sex
        Abdominal swelling and pressure 

Impact on Fertility and Pregnancy

Fibroids don't universally cause infertility. They might affect conception or pregnancy. Complications could include premature delivery, foetal positioning issues, and the need for caesarean delivery. 

Diagnosis in Patna

Diagnosis involves a pelvic exam to assess uterine condition, size, and shape. Additional tests, such as ultrasound and pelvic MRI, may be recommended. 

Treatment Options in Patna

Treatment depends on age, uterus size, and symptoms. Options include:

        Hormone-regulating medications
        Surgery for large or multiple fibroids
        Non-responsive cases or persistent conditions may require surgical intervention 

Recurrence

While treatments manage symptoms, fibroids might reoccur. Hysterectomy, removing the entire uterus, is the only guarantee against fibroid recurrence. 

To Schedule an Appointment at Big Apollo Spectra Hospital, Patna:

Call 0612-3540100 to book an appointment. 

In Conclusion

Uterine fibroids are common and often asymptomatic. Seek consultation for severe symptoms. Various treatments, medical or surgical, are available to alleviate discomfort and pain.